9 CFR 417.2 Hazard Analysis and HACCP Plan
417.2 Hazard Analysis and HACCP Plan

417.2.a Hazard analysis.

417.2.a.1 Every official establishment shall conduct, or have conducted for it, a hazard analysis to determine the food safety hazards reasonably likely to occur in the production process and identify the preventive measures the establishment can apply to control those hazards. The hazard analysis shall include food safety hazards that can occur before, during, and after entry into the establishment. A food safety hazard that is reasonably likely to occur is one for which a prudent establishment would establish controls because it historically has occurred, or because there is a reasonable possibility that it will occur in the particular type of product being processed, in the absence of those controls.

417.2.a.2 A flow chart describing the steps of each process and product flow in the establishment shall be prepared, and the intended use or consumers of the finished product shall be identified.

417.2.a.3 Food safety hazards might be expected to arise from the following:

417.2.a.3.i Natural toxins;

417.2.a.3.ii Microbiological contamination;

417.2.a.3.iii Chemical contamination;

417.2.a.3.iv Pesticides;

417.2.a.3.v Drug residues;

417.2.a.3.vi Zoonotic diseases;

417.2.a.3.vii Decomposition;

417.2.a.3.viii Parasites;

417.2.a.3.ix Unapproved use of direct or indirect food or color additives; and

417.2.a.3.x Physical hazards.

417.2.b The HACCP plan.

417.2.b.1 Every establishment shall develop and implement a written HACCP plan covering each product produced by that establishment whenever a hazard analysis reveals one or more food safety hazards that are reasonably likely to occur, based on the hazard analysis conducted in accordance with paragraph (a) of this section, including products in the following processing categories:

417.2.b.1.i Slaughter--all species.

417.2.b.1.ii Raw product--ground.

417.2.b.1.iii Raw product--not ground.

417.2.b.1.iv Thermally processed--commercially sterile.

417.2.b.1.v Not heat treated--shelf stable.

417.2.b.1.vi Heat treated--shelf stable.

417.2.b.1.vii Fully cooked--not shelf stable.

417.2.b.1.viii Heat treated but not fully cooked--not shelf stable.

417.2.b.1.ix Product with secondary inhibitors--not shelf stable.

417.2.b.2 A single HACCP plan may encompass multiple products within a single processing category identified in this paragraph, if the food safety hazards, critical control points, critical limits, and procedures required to be identified and performed in paragraph (c) of this section are essentially the same, provided that any required features of the plan that are unique to a specific product are clearly delineated in the plan and are observed in practice.

417.2.b.3 HACCP plans for thermally processed/commercially sterile products do not have to address the food safety hazards associated with microbiological contamination if the product is produced in accordance with the requirements of part 431 of this chapter.
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9 CFR 417